Cognitive skills are humans skills of information processing. Knowledge gained and understood because of thinking, experience and sensations. Cognitive abilities involve knowledge bank, attention, memory (as well as working), making solutions, evaluation of them, reasoning, estimating, problems solving, decisions, understanding, speaking and speech understanding skills. In other words, cognition (Gk. “I know”) is about how human understands himself and environment, how much he knows and understands about the world, how these knowledge and ability to assimilate new information and help him to improve himself. Improving children‘s cognitive skills involves consistent developing of the program. These basic skills are exercised to process child’s sensor information and help him to learn how to evaluate, analyze, remember, compare and solve problems. While the same information can give us tools for success, skills provide us strength to work.
Brain skills involve long-term and short-term memory, processing audible material and view, information re-processing speed and logic. It consists of 7 basic cognitive skills.